Ambiguity: Definitions and Examples | arabno.gq

 

ambiguity in literature

Jan 02,  · Ambiguity can be found in everyday conversation and in literature. A sentence can become ambiguous just by a single word, or by a misplaced statement. This is why it . May 16,  · Ambiguity in English literature is a common method, as many words have different spelling, but similar pronunciation. There are also tons of words with specific definitions (polysemous words). Writers use enigmatic style to play with words and the reader’s attention and creation. Ambiguity is when the meaning of a word, phrase, or sentence is uncertain. There could be more than one meaning. Typically, it is best to avoid ambiguity in your writing. When you make statements that are ambiguous, you confuse the reader and hinder the meaning of the text. However, sometimes ambiguity is used deliberately to add humor to a text.


Ambiguity Examples


Ambiguity is a type of meaning in which a phrase, statement or resolution is not explicitly defined, making several interpretations plausible. A common aspect of ambiguity is uncertainty. It is thus an attribute of any idea or statement whose intended meaning cannot be definitively resolved according to a rule or process with a finite number ambiguity in literature steps.

The ambi - part of the term reflects an idea of " two ", as in "two meanings". The concept of ambiguity is generally contrasted with vagueness. In ambiguity, specific and distinct interpretations are permitted although some ambiguity in literature not be immediately obviouswhereas with information that is vague, it is difficult to form any interpretation at the desired level of specificity.

Context may play a role in resolving ambiguity. For example, the same piece of information may be ambiguous in one context and unambiguous in another. Lexical ambiguity is contrasted with semantic ambiguity in literature. The former represents a choice between a finite number of known and meaningful context -dependent interpretations. The latter represents a choice between any number of possible interpretations, none of which may have a standard agreed-upon meaning.

This form of ambiguity is closely related to vagueness. Linguistic ambiguity can be a problem in lawbecause the interpretation of written documents and oral agreements is often of paramount importance. The lexical ambiguity of a word or phrase pertains to its ambiguity in literature more than one meaning in the language to which the word belongs, ambiguity in literature. For instance, the word "bank" has several distinct lexical definitions, including " financial institution " and " edge of a river ".

Or consider " apothecary ". One could say "I bought herbs from the apothecary". This could ambiguity in literature one actually spoke to the apothecary pharmacist or went to the apothecary pharmacy.

The context in which an ambiguous word is used often makes it evident which of the meanings is intended. However, some linguistic contexts do not provide sufficient information to disambiguate a used word.

Lexical ambiguity can be addressed by algorithmic methods that automatically associate the appropriate meaning with a word in context, a task referred to as word ambiguity in literature disambiguation. The use of multi-defined words requires the author or speaker to clarify their context, and sometimes elaborate on their specific intended meaning in which case, a less ambiguous term should have been used, ambiguity in literature.

The goal of clear concise communication is that the receiver s have no misunderstanding about ambiguity in literature was meant to be conveyed. An exception to this could include a politician whose " weasel words " and obfuscation are necessary to gain support from multiple constituents with mutually exclusive conflicting desires from their candidate of choice.

Ambiguity is a powerful tool of political science. More problematic are words whose senses express closely related concepts. The various ways to apply prefixes and suffixes can also create ambiguity ambiguity in literature can mean "capable of being unlocked" or "impossible to lock".

Semantic ambiguity occurs when a word, phrase or sentence, ambiguity in literature, taken out of context, has more than one interpretation. In "We saw her duck" example due to Richard Nordquistthe words "her duck" can refer either, ambiguity in literature. Syntactic ambiguity arises when a sentence can have two or more different meanings because of the structure of the sentence—its syntax, ambiguity in literature. This is often due to a modifying expression, ambiguity in literature, such as a prepositional phrase, the application of which is ambiguity in literature. Only rewriting the sentence, or placing appropriate punctuation ambiguity in literature resolve a syntactic ambiguity.

Usually, semantic and syntactic ambiguity go hand in hand, ambiguity in literature. The sentence "We ambiguity in literature her duck" is also syntactically ambiguous. Conversely, a sentence like "He ate the cookies on the couch" is also semantically ambiguous, ambiguity in literature. Rarely, but occasionally, the different parsings of a syntactically ambiguous phrase result in the same meaning.

For example, the command "Cook, cook! It is more common that a syntactically unambiguous phrase has a semantic ambiguity; for example, the lexical ambiguity in "Your boss is a funny man" is purely semantic, leading to the response "Funny ha-ha or funny peculiar? Spoken language can contain many more types of ambiguities which are called phonological ambiguities, where there is more than one way to compose a set of sounds into words. For example, "ice cream" and "I scream".

Such ambiguity is generally resolved according to the context. A mishearing of such, based on incorrectly resolved ambiguity, ambiguity in literature, is called a mondegreen. Metonymy involves referring to one entity by the name of a different but closely related entity for example, using "wheels" to refer to a car, or "Wall Street" to refer to the stock exchanges located on that ambiguity in literature or even the entire US financial sector.

In the modern vocabulary of critical semiotics, metonymy encompasses any potentially ambiguous word substitution that is based on contextual contiguity located close togetheror a function or process that an object performs, such as "sweet ride" to refer to a nice car.

Ambiguity in literature miscommunication is considered a primary mechanism of linguistic humor. Philosophers and other users of logic spend a lot of time and effort searching for and removing or intentionally adding ambiguity in arguments because it can lead to incorrect conclusions and can be used to deliberately conceal bad arguments. For example, a politician might say, "I oppose taxes which hinder economic growth", an example of a glittering generality.

Some will think he opposes taxes in general because they hinder economic growth. Others may think he opposes only those taxes that he believes will hinder economic growth.

In writing, ambiguity in literature, the sentence can be rewritten to reduce possible misinterpretation, either by adding a comma after "taxes" to convey the first sense or by changing "which" to "that" to convey the second sense or by rewriting it in other ways, ambiguity in literature.

The devious politician hopes that each constituent will interpret the statement in the most desirable way, and think the politician supports everyone's opinion. However, the opposite can also be true — an opponent can turn a positive statement into a bad one if the speaker uses ambiguity intentionally or not. The logical fallacies of amphiboly and equivocation rely heavily on the use of ambiguous words and phrases.

In continental philosophy particularly phenomenology and existentialismambiguity in literature, there is much greater tolerance of ambiguity, as it is generally seen as an integral part of the human condition. Martin Heidegger argued that the relation between the subject and object is ambiguous, as is the relation of mind and body, and part and whole. Thus, although some things may be certain, they have little to do with Dasein's sense of care and existential anxiety, e.

In calling his work Being and Nothingness an "essay in phenomenological ontology" Jean-Paul Sartre follows Heidegger in defining the human essence as ambiguous, or relating fundamentally to such ambiguity. Simone de Beauvoir tries to base an ethics on Heidegger's and Sartre's writings The Ethics of Ambiguitywhere she highlights the need to grapple with ambiguity: "as long as philosophers and they [men] have thought, most of them have tried to mask it And the ethics which they have proposed to their disciples have always pursued the same goal.

It has been a matter of eliminating the ambiguity by making oneself pure inwardness or pure externality, by escaping from the sensible world or being engulfed by it, by yielding to eternity or enclosing oneself in the pure moment.

She states: "Since we do not succeed in fleeing it, let us, therefore, try to look the truth in the face. Let us try to assume our fundamental ambiguity. It is in ambiguity in literature knowledge of the genuine conditions of our life that we must draw our strength to live and our reason for acting".

Other continental philosophers suggest that concepts such as life, nature, and sex are ambiguous. Corey Anton has argued that we cannot be certain what is separate from or unified with something else: language, he asserts, divides what is ambiguity in literature, in fact, ambiguity in literature, separate.

Following Ernest Becker, he argues that the desire to 'authoritatively disambiguate' the world and existence has led to numerous ideologies and historical events such as genocide. On this basis, he argues that ethics must focus on 'dialectically integrating opposites' and balancing tension, rather than seeking a priori validation or certainty. Like the existentialists and phenomenologists, he sees the ambiguity of life as the basis of creativity.

In literature and rhetoric, ambiguity in literature, ambiguity can be a useful tool. Groucho Marx's classic joke depends on a grammatical ambiguity for its humor, for example: "Last night I shot an elephant in my pajamas. How he got in my pajamas, I'll never know".

Songs and poetry often rely on ambiguous words for artistic effect, as in the song title "Don't It Make My Brown Eyes Blue" where "blue" can refer to the color, or to sadness, ambiguity in literature. In the narrative, ambiguity can be introduced in several ways: motive, plot, ambiguity in literature, character.

Scott Fitzgerald uses the latter type of ambiguity with notable effect in his novel The Great Gatsby. Mathematical notationwidely used in physics and other sciencesavoids many ambiguities compared to expression in natural language.

However, for various reasons, several lexicalsyntactic and semantic ambiguities remain. The ambiguity in the style of writing a function should not be confused with a multivalued functionwhich can and should be defined in a deterministic and unambiguous way, ambiguity in literature. Several special functions still do not have established notations. Usually, the conversion ambiguity in literature another notation requires to scale the argument or the resulting value; sometimes, the same name of the function is used, ambiguity in literature, causing confusions.

Examples of such underestablished functions:. Ambiguous expressions often appear in physical and mathematical texts. It is common practice to omit multiplication signs in mathematical expressions. In each case of use of such notations, the reader is supposed to be able to perform the deduction and reveal the true meaning. Creators of algorithmic languages try to avoid ambiguities.

The Wolfram Language used in Mathematica allows the user to omit the multiplication symbol, but requires square brackets to indicate the argument of a function; square brackets are not allowed for grouping of expressions. The order ambiguity in literature operations may depend on the context.

In most programming languagesthe operations of division and multiplication have equal priority and are executed from left to right. In addition, it is common to write an argument of a function without parenthesis, which also may lead to ambiguity. In the scientific journal style, one uses roman letters to denote elementary functions, ambiguity in literature, whereas variables are written using italics.

Commas in multi-component subscripts and superscripts are sometimes omitted; this is also potentially ambiguous notation. However, for trigonometric and hyperbolic functionsthis notation conventionally means exponentiation of the result of function application.

Such ambiguities easily lead to confusions, especially if some normalized adimensionaldimensionless variables are used. The reader is supposed to guess from the context. Some physical quantities do not yet ambiguity in literature established notations; their value and sometimes even dimensionas in the case of the Einstein coefficientsdepends on the system of notations. Many terms are ambiguous.

Each use of an ambiguous term should be preceded by the definition, suitable for a specific case. Only in the context of a proposition has a name meaning. A highly confusing term is gain. For example, the sentence "the gain of a system should be doubled", without context, means close to nothing.

 

Ambiguity - Examples and Definition of Ambiguity

 

ambiguity in literature

 

Jan 02,  · Ambiguity can be found in everyday conversation and in literature. A sentence can become ambiguous just by a single word, or by a misplaced statement. This is why it . May 16,  · Ambiguity in English literature is a common method, as many words have different spelling, but similar pronunciation. There are also tons of words with specific definitions (polysemous words). Writers use enigmatic style to play with words and the reader’s attention and creation. Ambiguity is when the meaning of a word, phrase, or sentence is uncertain. There could be more than one meaning. Typically, it is best to avoid ambiguity in your writing. When you make statements that are ambiguous, you confuse the reader and hinder the meaning of the text. However, sometimes ambiguity is used deliberately to add humor to a text.